Cannabidiol attenuates methamphetamine-induced conditioned place preference in male rats and viability in PC12 cells through the Sigma1R/AKT/GSK3β/CREB signaling pathway

By July 26, 2022No Comments

doi: 10.1080/00952990.2022.2073450.

Online ahead of print.


Background: Methamphetamine use is associated with several negative consequences, including neurotoxicity and greater probability of exhibiting a substance use disorder. Sigma1 receptor is involved in the neurobiological basis of several drug use disorders. Cannabidiol has received attention in the treatment of drug use disorders and neurotoxicity.

Objectives: To investigate the effects of cannabidiol on methamphetamine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) and the viability of PC12 cells.

Methods: Adult male rats (n = 70) underwent methamphetamine (2 mg/kg, IP) induced CPP, and were administered cannabidiol (10, 20, 40, or 80 mg/kg, IP) during the methamphetamine withdrawal period for five consecutive days. Methamphetamine (0.5 mg/kg) was then injected to reactivate CPP. Four brain regions (ventral tegmental area, nucleus accumbens, prefrontal cortex, and hippocampus) were extracted after the last test. PC12 cells were treated with cannabidiol, Sigma1R-siRNA, or BD1047 before methamphetamine exposure.

Results: Administration of 20, 40, or 80 mg/kg cannabidiol facilitated CPP extinction (80 mg/kg, p < .001) and prevented CPP development (80 mg/kg, p < .0001). This was associated with changes in the expression of Sigma1R (ventral tegmental area, 80 mg/kg, p < .0001) in the four brain regions. Cannabidiol protected the PC12 cell’s viability (10 μM, p = .0008) and inhibited the methamphetamine-induced activation of the AKT/GSK3β/CREB signaling pathway by mediating Sigma1R (10 μM, p < .0001).

Conclusions: Cannabidiol seems to inhibit the rewarding effects of methamphetamine and the effects of this drug on cell viability. Sigma1R should be given further consideration as a potential target for cannabidiol.

Keywords: CPP, Cannabidiol, Sigma1R, cell viability, extinction, methamphetamine

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