Canna~Fangled Abstracts

The Role of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 in the Immunopathology of Respiratory Syncytial Virus.

By February 20, 2018 No Comments
Viral Immunol. 2018 Feb 20. doi: 10.1089/vim.2017.0098.
[Epub ahead of print]


PM 2 site 207Endocannabinoid system plays an important role in pathophysiologic processes such as immune functions and impacts on disease severity. Our previous study showed that cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) affects clinical course of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. In this study, we investigated the role of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) in RSV immunopathology and its therapeutic potential in mice model. To study the role of CB1 receptors in the immunopathology of RSV, CB1 was blocked daily with AM281 as a selective antagonist in Balb/c mice and were infected by intranasal inoculation of RSV-A2 24 h following the first dose of antagonist administration. The potential pharmacological therapeutic effects of cannabinoid receptor activation during RSV infection were studied using JZL184 as a selective indirect agonist, 24 h after infection. Mice were sacrificed on day 5 after infection and experimental analyses were performed to study the CB1 receptor expression, airway immune cell influx, cytokine/chemokine secretion, lung histopathology, and viral load. RSV infection of airways significantly induced the expression of CB1 receptors in lung cells of mice. Blockade of CB1 receptors using AM281 enhanced immune cell influx and cytokine/chemokine production, and aggravated lung pathology. Activation of cannabinoid receptors using JZL184 decreased immune cell influx and cytokine/chemokine production, and alleviated lung pathology. This study and our previous finding indicated that endocannabinoid signaling regulates the inflammatory response to RSV infection, and is a potential therapeutic candidate for alleviation of RSV-associated immunopathology.


CB1; anti-inflammation; cannabinoids; immunopathology; respiratory syncytial virus

PMID: 29461930


DOI: 10.1089/vim.2017.0098
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