Canna~Fangled Abstracts

The endocannabinoid system in advanced liver cirrhosis: pathophysiological implication and future perspectives.

By July 31, 2013 No Comments
pm2[Epub ahead of print]

The endocannabinoid system in advanced liver cirrhosis: pathophysiological implication and future perspectives.

Source

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Center for Applied Biomedical Research (C.R.B.A.), Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Abstract

Endogenous cannabinoids (EC) are ubiquitous lipid signalling molecules providing different central and peripheral effects that are mediated mostly by the specific receptors CB1 and CB2. The EC system is highly upregulated during chronic liver disease and consistent experimental and clinical findings indicate that it plays a role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis and fatty liver disease associated with obesity, alcohol abuse and hepatitis C. Furthermore, a considerable number of studies have shown that EC and their receptors contribute to the pathogenesis of the cardio-circulatory disturbances occurring in advanced cirrhosis, such as portal hypertension, hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome and cirrhotic cardiomyopathy. More recently, the EC system has been implicated in the development of ascites, hepatic encephalopathy and the inflammatory response related to bacterial infection. Rimonabant, a selective CB1 antagonist, was the first drug acting on the EC system approved for the treatment of obesity. Unfortunately, it has been withdrawn from the market because of its neuropsychiatric side effects. Compounds able to target selectively the peripheral CB1 receptors are under evaluation. In addition, molecules stimulating CB2 receptor or modulating the activity of enzymes implicated in EC metabolism are promising areas of pharmacological research. Liver cirrhosis and the related complications represent an important target for the clinical application of these compounds.
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

CB1 receptor, CB2 receptor, ascites, cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, endocannabinoids, hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome, liver cirrhosis

PMID:

 

23890208

 

[PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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