Canna~Fangled Abstracts

Anticonvulsant Effects of N-Arachidonoyl-Serotonin, a Dual FAAH Enzyme and TRPV1 Channel Blocker, on Experimental Seizures: The Roles of Cannabinoid CB1 Receptors and TRPV1 Channels.

By March 29, 2014 No Comments
2014 Mar 27. doi: 10.1111/bcpt.12232. [Epub ahead of print]

pm8Anticonvulsant Effects of N-Arachidonoyl-Serotonin, a Dual FAAH Enzyme and TRPV1 Channel Blocker, on Experimental Seizures: The Roles of Cannabinoid CB1 Receptors and TRPV1 Channels.

Abstract

Selective blockade of anandamide hydrolysis, through inhibition of the FAAH enzyme, has anticonvulsant effects, which are mediated by CB1 receptors. Anandamide, however, also activates TRPV1 channels, generally with opposite outcomes on neuronal modulation. Thus, we hypothesized that the dual FAAH and TRPV1 blockade with N-arachidonoyl-serotonin (AA-5-HT) would be efficacious in inhibiting pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in mice. We also investigated the contribution of CB1 activation and TRPV1 blockade to the overt effect of AA-5-HT. In the first experiment, injection of AA-5-HT (0.3-3.0 mg/kg) delayed the onset and reduced the duration PTZ (60 mg)-induced seizures in mice. These effects were reversed by pre-treatment with the CB1 antagonist, AM251 (1.0-3.0 mg/kg). Finally, we observed that administration of the selective TRPV1 antagonist, SB366791 (0.1-1 mg/kg), did not entirely mimic AA-5-HT effects. In conclusion, AA-5-HT alleviates seizures in mice, an effect inhibited by CB1 antagonism, but not completely mimicked by TRPV1 blockage, indicating that the overall effect of AA-5-HT seems to depend mainly on CB1 receptors. This may represent a new strategy for the development of drugs against seizures, epilepsies and related syndromes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Endocannabinoids, anandamide, fatty acid amide hydrolase, vanilloids

PMID:

 

24674273

 

[PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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