Canna~Fangled Abstracts

Biodegradation of Phenol and Benzene by Endophytic Bacterial Strains Isolated from Refinery Wastewater-Fed Cannabis sativa.

By May 31, 2017 No Comments
Environ Technol. 2017 May 31:1-35. doi: 10.1080/09593330.2017.1337232.
[Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

pm-2-site-207Presence of benzene and phenol in the environment can lead to serious health effects in humans. Development of efficient cleanup strategies for these pollutants is of significant importance. The aim of present work was to assess the potential of indigenous endophytic bacterial strains to degrade benzene and phenol. Seven strains were successfully isolated from Cannabis sativa plant being irrigated with oil refinery wastewater. Molecular characterization was performed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Phenol was biodegraded almost completely with Achromobacter sp. (AIEB-7), Pseudomonas sp. (AIEB-4), and Alcaligenes sp. (AIEB-6) at 250, 500 and 750 mg L-1; however the degradation was only 81, 72 and 69%, respectively when exposed to 1000 mg L-1. Bacillus sp. (AIEB-1), Enterobacter sp. (AIEB-3), and Acinetobacter sp. (AIEB-2) degraded benzene significantly at 250, 500 and 750 mg L-1. However, these strains showed 80, 72 and 68% benzene removal at 1000 mg L-1 exposure, respectively. Rates of degradation could be modeled with first-order kinetics with rate constant values of 1.86×10-2 for Pseudomonas sp. (AIEB-4) and 1.80×10-2 h-1 for Bacillus sp. (AIEB-1) and half-lives of 1.5 and 1.6 days, respectively. These results establish a foundation for further testing of phytoremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soils in which the presence of these endophytic bacteria increases dissipation of the contaminants.

KEYWORDS:

Benzene; Bioremediation; Endophytes; Kinetics; Phenol

PMID: 28562230

 

DOI: 10.1080/09593330.2017.1337232
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