Canna~Fangled Abstracts

Cannabinoid and nitric oxide signalling interplay in the modulation of hippocampal hyperexcitability: study on electrophysiological and behavioural models of temporal lobe epilepsy in the rat.

By June 29, 2015 No Comments
2015 Jun 29. pii: S0306-4522(15)00588-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2015.06.047. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

PM 1aA growing bulk of evidence suggests that cannabinoid system plays a pivotal role in the control of hyperexcitability phenomena. Notwithstanding, the anticonvulsant action of cannabinoids has not been fully addressed, in particular the involvement of potential cellular neuromodulators, for instance nitric oxide. In the current study, we focused on two distinct rat models of temporal lobe epilepsy, the Maximal Dentate Activation and the Pilocarpine-induced acute seizures, providing both electrophysiological and behavioural data on cannabinoid and nitrergic system interplay. We evaluated the antiepileptic effects of WIN 55,212-2, (R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl) pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4- benzoxazin-6-Yl]-1-naphthalenylmethanone (WIN), a CB agonist, and of 7-Nitroindazole (7NI), a preferential neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase (nNOS) inhibitor, at different doses, alone and in combination. MDA study showed that these drugs protected animals in a dose-dependent manner from electrically-induced epileptiform discharges. In pilocarpine model, a dose-related activity of 7NI and WIN: a) decreased the behavioural scoring, used to describe the severity of chemically-induced acute seizures; b) affected latency of the onset of acute convulsions; c) dampened mortality rate. Interestingly, the combination of the treatments brought to light that individually ineffective doses of WIN turn into effective when nNOS activity is pharmacologically inhibited in both experimental conditions. This effect is mediated by CB1 receptor since the co-administration of N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-iodophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (AM251), a CB1 receptor specific antagonist, thwarted the 7NI-WIN convergent action. In the light of this, our findings suggest a putative antagonism between CBr-activated pathway and NO signalling in the context of neuronal hyperexcitability and contribute to elucidate possible synaptic processes underlying neuroprotective properties of cannabinoids, with a view to better integrate antiepileptic therapy.
Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

Behaviour; Cannabinoids; Electrophysiology; Hippocampus; Percentage of Protection; Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

PMID:

 26135674
[PubMed – as supplied by publisher]twin memes II

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