Canna~Fangled Abstracts

Understanding and learning from the diversification of cannabis supply laws.

By November 27, 2016No Comments
Addiction. 2016 Nov 27. doi: 10.1111/add.13623.
[Epub ahead of print]



Prohibitions on producing, distributing and selling cannabis are loosening in various jurisdictions around the world. This paper describes the diversification of cannabis supply laws and discusses the challenges to and opportunities for learning from these changes.


We document changes in cannabis supply laws that de jure legalized cannabis production for medical and/or non-medical purposes (excluding industrial hemp) in Australasia, Europe, North America and South America. We also highlight challenges to evaluating these legal changes based on our experiences studying cannabis laws and policies in the United States.


As of August 2016, two countries have passed laws to legalize large-scale cannabis production for non-medical purposes at the national (Uruguay) or subnational level (four US states). At least nine other countries legally allow (or will soon allow) cannabis to be supplied for medicinal purposes. Most of the changes in cannabis supply laws have occurred since 2010. The data available in most countries are inadequate for rigorously evaluating the changes in cannabis supply laws.


The evidence base for assessing changes in cannabis supply laws remains weak. Efforts should focus upon collecting information about quantities consumed and market transactions as well as validating self-report surveys.


Cannabis; legalization; marijuana; policy analysis; program evaluation; surveys; validating self-reported data

PMID: 27891693


DOI: 10.1111/add.13623
[PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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