Canna~Fangled Abstracts

Cannabinoids affect the mouse visual acuity via the cannabinoid receptor type 2

By September 25, 2020 September 27th, 2020 No Comments

doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72553-y.

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Abstract

Recently, there have been increasing indications that the endocannabinoid (eCB) system is involved in vision. Multiple research teams studied the cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2R) expression and function in the mouse retina. Here, we examined the consequence of CB2R modulation on visual acuity using genetic and pharmacologic tools. We found that Cnr2 knockout mice show an enhanced visual acuity, CB2R activation decreased visual acuity while CB2R blockade with the inverse agonist AM630 increased it. The inhibition of 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) synthesis and degradation also greatly increased and decreased visual acuity, respectively. No differences were seen when the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1R) was deleted, blocked or activated implying that CB2R exclusively mediates cannabinoid modulation of the visual acuity. We also investigated the role of cannabinoids in retinal function using electroretinography (ERG). We found that modulating 2-AG levels affected many ERG components, such as the a-wave and oscillatory potentials (OPs), suggesting an impact on cones and amacrine cells. Taken together, these results reveal that CB2R modulates visual acuity and that eCBs such as 2-AG can modulate both visual acuity and retinal sensitivity. Finally, these findings establish that CB2R is present in visual areas and regulates vision-related functions.

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