Canna~Fangled Abstracts

Generation of cannabigerolic acid derivatives and their precursors using the promiscuity of the aromatic prenyltransferase NphB

By September 10, 2023September 11th, 2023No Comments

doi: 10.1002/cbic.202300441.

Online ahead of print.


NphB is an aromatic prenyltransferase with high promiscuity for phenolics including flavonoids, isoflavonoids, and plant polyketides. It has been demonstrated that cannabigerolic acid is successfully formed by the catalytic reaction by NphB using geranyl diphosphate and olivetolic acid as substrates. In this study, the substrate specificity of NphB was further determined using olivetolic acid derivatives as potential substrates for the formation of new synthetic cannabinoids. The derivatives differ in the hydrocarbon chain attached to the C6 of the core structure. We performed in silico experiments, including docking of olivetolic acid derivatives, to identify differences in their binding modes. Substrate acceptance were predicted. Based on these results, a library of olivetolic acid derivatives was constructed and synthesized using different organic synthetic routes. Conversion was monitored using in vitro assay with purified NphB versions. For the substrates leading to a high conversion olivetolic acid-C8, olivetolic acid-C2 and 2-benzyl-4,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid the products were further elucidated and identified as cannbigerolic acid derivatives. Therefore, these substrates show potential to be adapted in cannabinoid biosynthesis.

Keywords: aromatic prenyltransferase, cannabgerolic acid synthase, cannabigerol, cannabinoids, protein engineering

LinkOut – more resources

Leave a Reply