A general protocol for the selective mono-O-methylation of resorcinyl phytocannabinoids was developed. The availability of semisynthetic monomethyl analogues of cannabigerol, cannabidiol, and cannabidivarin (1A: -3A: , respectively) made it possible to quantify these minor phytocannabinoids in about 40 different chemotypes of fiber hemp. No chemotype significantly accumulated mono-O-methyl cannabidiol (2B: ) or its lower homologue (3B: ), while at least three chemotypes containing consistent amounts (≥ 400 mg/kg) of O-methylcannabigerol (1B: ) were identified. O-Methylation of alkyl phytocannabinoids (1B: -3B: ) does not significantly change the activity on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in contrast to what was reported for phenethyl analogues.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
- PMID: 30934093
- DOI: 10.1055/a-0883-5383