Canna~Fangled Abstracts

Solid-phase synthesis of imprinted nanoparticles as artificial antibodies against the C-terminus of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor: exploring a viable alternative for bioanalysis

By October 7, 2021October 8th, 2021No Comments

doi: 10.1007/s00604-021-05029-z.

Affiliations 

Abstract

The production of artificial anti-CB1 antibodies in nanoparticle format is described using the solid-phase imprinting approach. Instead of whole protein imprinting, a linear C-terminus sequence of the receptor comprising 15 amino acids (458-KVTMSVSTDTSAEAL-472) has been used as template, in accordance with the epitope imprinting approach. This sequence is located intracellularly, and it is involved in coupling to Gi/o proteins, being responsible for CB1 receptor desensitisation and internalisation. Developed molecularly imprinted materials were found to be in the nanometre scale, with a particle size of 126.4 ± 10.5 nm at pH 3 (25 ºC) and spherical shape. It was also observed that the size was sensible to temperature changes being reduced to 106.3 ± 15.2 nm at 35 °C. Lower critical solution temperature of this polymer was found to be ≈ 33.4 °C. The affinity and selectivity of the artificial antibody were assessed through dot blot and Western blot experiments. For the latter, recombinant fusion proteins GST-CB1414-472 and GST-CB1414-442 were produced to work respectively as target and negative control proteins. The control protein did not carry the target epitope for being devoid of last 30 amino acids at the C-terminus. The results demonstrated that the anti-CB1 material recognised selectively the target protein, thanks to the presence of the 15-amino acid sequence selected as epitope, which revealed that binding occurred at the C-terminus of the receptor itself. The methodology presented may pave the way for the development of novel imprinted nanomaterials for other proteins included in the superfamily of the G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR).

 

Keywords: Artificial antibody, Bioanalysis, CB1 receptor, Epitope imprinting; GPCR, Molecularly imprinted nanoparticles

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