The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling plays a critical role in lipid synthesis and immune responses. The T regulatory cells (Treg) as suppressor of T cells, are a subset of T cells that modulate the immune system, maintain tolerance, and prevent autoimmune diseases.. The interleukin (IL) -10 derived from the Treg and T helper (Th) 2 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine in multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Due to the exclusive roles of rapamycin (RAPA) in mTOR inhibition, we evaluated the regulatory effect of the hemp seed oil/evening primrose oil (HSO/EPO) supplement in comparison with RAPA in EAE. EAE was induced by using myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide and complete freund’s adjuvant (CFA) in C57BL/6 mice, total mRNA was extracted from local lymph nodes and real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the expression level of the rapamycin-insensitive companion of mTOR complex 2 (RICTOR) and IL-10 genes. The expression of IL-10 and RICTOR genes were significantly increased in HSO/EPO group. In contrast with RAPA groups, histological findings have shown that the HSO/EPO treated group remarkably reduced cell infiltration and promoted remyelination. The EPO/HSO has beneficial effects on the repair of myelin, which was confirmed by immunological and histological findings.
Autoimmune encephalomyelitis; Demyelination; Immune tolerance; Lymph node; Rapamycin